Russia’s advanced narrow-body MC-21 aircraft project has lived up to its maximum performance predictions during testing, the programme’s developer Irkut Corporation (part of United Aircraft Corporation, UAC) has announced in a progress report.
During flight tests, the platform’s base modification MC-21-300 model achieved its maximum performance targets of a 12,500-metre altitude, a true airspeed of 949 km/h (Mach 0.89) and a flight endurance of 6.2 hours.
These figures slightly exceed the listed capabilities of direct rivals such as the Airbus A320neo, which flies at an altitude not above 11,800 metres at a maximum speed of 876 km/h (Mach 0.82) and for the Boeing 737 MAX-8, whose comparable parameters are 12,300 metres and 925 km/h.
Depending on the selected cabin configuration, the MC-21-300 can carry between 165 and 211 passengers up to 6,000 kilometres. Its maximum take-off weight (MTOW) is 79,250 kilos. With a similar MTOW of 79,000 kilos, its European counterpart the A320neo takes between 150 and 180 passengers (in a double-class arrangement) over a distance of 6,300 kilometres. In a comparison similar to the MC-21, the Boeing 737MAX 8, with a seating capacity of 162-210 passengers and a 82,190-kilo MTOW, can cover a range of up to 6,570 kilometres.
The Russian aircraft’s tests regime has completed all flights at typical operational altitudes and within its normal flight envelope, confirming its systems’ functionality across a wide range of speeds and altitudes – and it has now also completed angle-of-attack limits and flutter tests.
The inflight engine and APU re-start functions have been successfully achieved, as well as take-offs and landings with simulated engine failure scenarios. Instrument landing capabilities have also been confirmed along with navigation and external lighting equipment capabilities during take-off in low visibility conditions. Minimum rotation speed tests have also been completed.
There are currently three MC-21-300 prototypes – powered by Pratt & Whitney PW1400G-JM engines – involved in the flight-test programme. A fourth prototype will join the tests programme before the end of 2019. Its systems are currently being assembled.
The order-book backlog for the MC-21 has not changed for several years and remains at 175 firm orders and 150 letters of intent.
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